“If you know you are on the right track, if you have this inner knowledge, then nobody can turn you off. No matter what they say.” - Barbara McClintock, American Geneticist
by: Daniella Saldana
Women have played an integral role in the advancement of technology, engineering, medicine, and other epic scientific discoveries. In honor of the marches for science that happened this month around the world, let's celebrate #WomeninScience, with five women who made tremendous contributions in their fields.
Shirley Ann Jackson: She was the first black woman to earn a physics doctorate from MIT! In 2014 she received a national medal of science, and has received a number of other awards recognizing her tremendous contributions to science.
Marie Daly: In 1947, she became the first black woman to earn a Ph.D. She set the stage for many other women of color to follow in her footsteps.
Francoise Barre-Sinoussi : She is a virologist, and the director of Regulation of Retroviral Infections Division in Paris France. She was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for her work in identifying HIV as the cause of AIDS.
Maria Mitchell : She was the first woman to be elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the first female astronomy professor in the United States. Oh, and at the age of 17, she opened her own school for girls to teach them math and science. No big deal.
Mae C. Jemison : Mae Jemison was the first woman in space. She has a degree in chemical engineering and a medical degree from Cornell. Talk about a triple threat!
No matter the obstacles they have faced, women have helped to change the game in science and technology. The future is female, and we must emphasize and embrace our young girls. They will become the new wave of leaders, scientists, doctors, engineers, explorers, inventors, presidents, mothers, and teachers. Here's to the five pioneers above, and to more strong, bold, and confident female trailblazers.